Village of Žrnovo
An old village located in the northeastern part of the island of Korčula called Žrnovo, located 4 km away from the town of Korcula. Žrnovo consists of several hamlets: Prvo Selo, Brdo, Kampuš and Postrana. Hamlets with its bays has about 1,300 inhabitants.
This village is mentioned in historical archives in 1307, but numerous findings indicate even earlier inhabitants of the area.
A few kilometers south of Postrana and above the bay Rasohatica is an important archaeological site of Korcula island – Jakasova špilja (Jakas Cave). Accidentally discovered in 1916. was Jakas Cave. Furthermore, resent research shows Jakas Cave was inhabited since the Middle Neolithic times. The remains of animal bones, fireplaces and the works of pottery were found in the cave.
In 2015 the cave had become a cultural good of the Republic of Croatia. Jakasova špilja and Vela spila in Vela Luka are very important archaeological sites on the island.
History of the village of Žrnovo
The religious and historic monuments of Žrnovo are churches. The oldest church in Žrnovo is the St. Vid church which was the first parish and burial church. Church of St. Martin, today’s parish church was mentioned in the sources of the early 14th century. In the slope of the hill in hamlet of Postrana you can also find the Church of St. Roko. In the front of this church is a small square with ancient trees, named Koštili. At the same place each year on the 16th of August is the traditionally performed sword dance Moštra.
Among the historical remains in Postrana you can see a preserved kaštel (fortified house) and birthplace that once belonged to the noble family Baničević. The most famous member of this family was Jakov Baničević. Jakov was a prominent European diplomat and humanist of 16th century. In Žrnovo it’s not rare to see country houses and “kaštel”of Korcula’s noblemen, which tells us about the historical importance of this place.
In Prvo Selo are kaštel of families Boschi, Dimitri and family Brčić – Muko with a chapel from the 18th century. An important religious, historical and cultural monument of the Prvo Selo (at the entrance to Žrnovo from Žrnovska Banja, Korčula) is the church St. Michael, mentioned in the source in 1329.
Žrnovo is the birthplace of the many important people: artist, sculptor Radoslav Duhović, graphic Nikola Skokandić, painter Ante Radovanović, Frano Cebalo and Abel Brčić and famous Croatian academician and writer Peter Šegedin. In the past, people of this old place mostly cultivated grapevine, olive tree and carved stone. As a result, today it is also very important to tourism.
Žrnovo belongs to the northern and southern coast of the island of Korcula. On the south coast you can visit the beautiful beaches like Defora, Orlanduša, Gostinja vala, Rasohatica and Pavija luka. On the north coast are bays Medvinjak, Žrnovska Banja, Vrbovica, Andrijina luka, Tri Žala and Oskorušica.
About three hundred meters above the bay of Vrbovica, in the hamlet Brdo, you will find a protected area Kočje with 4.62 ha. Kočje is landscape rich of dolomite, canyons, semi-caves and rare and varied vegetation. From the variety of plant species are protection plant Portenschlagov zvončić (Campanula portenschlagiana) and centuries-old trees of the holm oak (Quercus ilex). Kočje was in 1962 declared a special forest vegetation reserve in Croatia because of the geological, botanical and aesthetic value. Visitors of this mysterious world on the island of Korcula it is highly recommended to bring comfortable shoes and mosquito repellent. Cutting down trees, picking or damaging other vegetation, breaking rocks or any activities that may cause a change in natural looks of Kočje is strictly prohibited.
Žrnovo is not only a place full of historical remains and natural features, it’s also very famous for its traditional delicacies– Žrnovski makaruni. Žrnovski makaruni are authentic dish that is prepared according to a recipe dating back more than 400 years. You can taste it in Korcula’s restaurants, agrotourism but also on traditional gastronomic – entertainment event “Makarunada”. This event is organized every year in August.