Blato is located in the western part of the island of Korčula, in the vicinity of Blatsko polje. The place is named after a periodic lake which was in that field. The Lake was drained in 1912 a year with the construction of amelioration canals and tunnels for drainage. The fertile soil of this largest and economically most important valley of the island of Korčula has allowed the development of agriculture and gave a remarkable economic importance of the borough Blato. Together with the village of Potirna, municipality of Blato has approximately 3600 inhabitants.
In the length of one kilometer through the place extends an avenue of linden, so-called Zlinje. Zlinje, planted in 1911 a year, are one of the longest alleys of linden trees in Europe.
Through the center of the place, on the large square (Plokata) dominate church of all saints (Svih Svetih) and lodge. The lodge was built in 1700 a year with the intention, that there will meet nobility from the Blato and the folksy people. The parish church of all Saints in Blato is mentioned in sources from the 14th century however, it is possible to ascertain its earlier existence. In a separate Chapel of the Church, on the altar, there are the remains of the Roman martyr, St. Vincence. The relics of St. Vincence, from Rome, were conveyed the last Bishop of Korčula, Koserić and donated to the municipality of Blato in the year 1795. 28 April, on the day of this martyr and on the day of the municipality of Blato, is being held a solemn procession around the town and the main annual performance of “V.U. Kumpanija Blato” on the square Plokati in front of the parish church.
From the 14th century in the municipality of Blato are building or rebuilds a numerous of ecclesiastical buildings. The Church of St. Cosmas and Damian is the first church from the 13th century, and were built on the foundations of an early Christian basilica from the 6th century. More than 30 religious objects – the Churches and the chapels can be seen and today in the narrow cobbled streets, olive groves or vineyards.
About spirituality of this people’s, testifies to us and the shrine of the Blessed Mary of Jesus Propetog Petković just outside the parish church. Marija Petković was born in the municipality of Blato, into a wealthy family. 1920 a year, on the site of today’s shrines, established was a monastery with religious congregation sisters of the Daughters of mercy St. Francis, the only religious community founded in Croatia. The life and work of Marija Petković were devoted to helping the poor, which is why is Pope John Paul II declare her blessed in 2003 a year. The shrine and monastery, in which there is a sarcophagus with the remains of first Croatian Blessed woman, as well as depictions of her life, are important pilgrimage place in this area.
Near the Church of all saints and the shrine, there is the Ethno House Barilo with the faithful depiction of the life and customs of the ancestors of the municipality of Blato and the island of Korčula. The ethnographic collection of this family museum is unique on the island and for the visitors’ inevitable place where they will experience the spirit of times past.
The twenties of the 20th centuries, the municipality of Blato, which then counts more than 8000 inhabitants, hit them phylloxera (a disease of the vine) and faced with the mass eviction of the inhabitants to the countries of South America and to Australia. Most people went from the bay Prigradica, situated 4 km from the municipality of Blato, which then has been a port for the export of wine and olive oil, and today it is a tourist destination. Tourism in the municipality and its surrounding bays develops from the 50’s of the last century. On the north side of the island, along with the aforementioned Prigradica, Blato is proud of its coves Sprtiška, Črnja Luka, Kurija, Popov Ratak, Naplovci, Rasoha, Žukova, Blaca. In this part of the Riviera of the Blato, that offers a view of the Korčula’s Canal, the islands of Šćedro and Hvar, visitors of the island will experience the peace with a unique and untouched nature.
The southern coast of the island of Korčula is more indented but steeper and less accessible than the northern. View of the open sea, Lastovo Canal and the archipelago of this beautiful island are in the bays of the municipality of Blato, stretches from the Karbuna, Zaglava, Gršćica, Prižba. In these bays are offered accommodation, catering facilities, the possibility of rent boats, kayaks, scooters, bicycles and other tourist attractions.